Style Guide


i Introduction
1 General Guidelines
1.1 Words of Foreign Origin
1.1.1 Diacritics
1.2 Punctuation
1.2.1 Ampersand

i Introduction

This document acts as both a reference guide for adding information into the database and as an explanation and clarification over certain ambiguous issues. It is by no means complete. If you have any comments, suggestions or have found an entry in the database which does not appear to conform, please let me know.

1 General Guidelines

1.1 Words of Foreign Origin

1.1.1 Diacritics

Although not standard in English, diacritics are kept on every word of foreign origin. For example, Guðjón Þórðarson rather than Gudjon Thordarson and Bojan Đorđić rather than Bojan Djordjic.

When searching, diacritics are ignored. For example, Sasa Ilic will find Saša Ilić and Alvaro Gonzalez will find Álvaro González.

1.1.2 Transliteration

Currently standards exist for the following languages:

1.2 Punctuation

1.2.1 Ampersand

The ampersand is not used, as the word and is used in every case.

1.3 Abbreviations

Abbreviations are often used for the sake of brevity, a common example is Utd. A full stop follows only if the word has been cut at the point of abbreviation. For example, Street becomes St., whereas Saint becomes St.

1.3.1 Initialisms

Full stops are not used in initialisms. For example, the United States of America becomes USA, Queens Park Rangers QPR and Football Club FC.

2 Naming Conventions

2.1 People

The majority of people in the database follow the Western order of ‘given name family name’. Certain people use a nickname rather than For example, Doudou instead of Aziana Ebeli M'Bombo and Lourenço instead of Luís Carlos Lourenço da Silva. Full names are displayed as part of the person's biography.

Contrary to standard English usage, names from cultures that use the format ‘family name given name’, such as Japan, China and Hungary, are not Anglicised. For example, Kawaguchi Yoshikatsu, Park Ji-Sung and Buzsáky Ákos.

2.1.1 Sorting

When in a list, the names of people are sorted in the format family name, given name, thus Andy Clarke appears as Clarke, Andy and Detzi Kruszyński as Kruszyński, Detzi. Names originally in the format ‘family name given name’ remain in this style, thus names are always sorted by family names.

People who have a nickname do not have a separated sorting name. For example, Dani appears as Dani.

Articles, prepositions and certain abbreviations, such as St, el and van der, are moved so that they are not the basis for sorting. For example, Sean St Ledger appears as Ledger, St, Sean and Arjan de Zeeuw as Zeeuw, de, Arjan.

2.1.2 Titles

Honorary titles granted by Heads of State, such as Sir, are not currently shown.

2.1.3 Unknown Names

In cases where a person's name is unknown, a brief description in parentheses is used. For example, Ashley Warner.

2.2 Teams

Expanded team names are always given to avoid confusion. Words such as United and Athletic, however, are abbreviated. For example, Cambridge Utd and Cambridge City, and Bangor City (Wales) and Bangor (Northern Ireland).

2.2.1 Sorting

Teams, when in a list, follow the same conventions as for people. Furthermore, if a city name is part of the team's name, this is the basis for sorting. For example, AFC Telford Utd appears as Telford Utd, AFC and Sparta Rotterdam appears as Rotterdam, Sparta.

2.3 Competitions

Sponsor-free generic names are used. For example, Premiership, Football Conference and Football League Trophy. Please note than the term Premier League is not used, as this is the organisation that runs the Premiership.

When a competition name has a number, the cardinal word is used. Ordinal words are used in the names for rounds. For example, League Two, FA Cup (second round) and Division Four.

Competition names are kept in lowercase when not proper nouns. For example, League One but Isthmian League premier division.

2.3.1 Rounds

When a competition is not just a simple league, it is written in the format competition (round). Divisions, groups and sections always take lowercase. For example, FA Cup (1st round), Football League 2 (play-off semi-final) and Football League Trophy (southern section 2nd round).

2.3.2 Sorting

When competitions are sorted, the following ordering system is used:

  1. Competitive internationals.
  2. Non-competitive internationals.
  3. Continental competitions.
  4. Domestic leagues.
  5. Domestic cups.
  6. Non-competitive domestic competitions.
  7. Friendlies.

Please note that competitions such as the Maunsell Cup are regarded as non-competitive.

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